What do you understand by the universality concept of management ? critically examine the pros and cons of this concept.
By universality of management we mean that the principles of management are applicable in any human endeavour irrespective of its size, location etc
In other words, the challenge of chandrayana needs same set of management principles as the job of conducting general elections.
However, the exact implementation may be subject of local cultural aspects. For instance American decision making process insists of fast, top-down approach where as Japanese adopt bottom-up and consensus decision making approach